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Watchung (908) 769-5337
Marlboro (732) 303-0993

March 2020

Monday, 30 March 2020 00:00

Can Feet Be Affected by PAD?

One of the functions of normal blood flow throughout the body is to provide oxygen and nutrients to the muscles and skin. Peripheral artery disease, which is also referred to as PAD, may develop as a result of excess plaque that accumulates in the arteries. This excess of plaque can lead to decreased blood flow. Patients who have this condition may be at risk of developing sores on the feet that can become infected. Research has indicated that people who have PAD are advised to refrain from walking barefoot, wear shoes that fit properly, and examine the feet daily for any redness or sores. Some of the symptoms that are often associated with this ailment can include a heavy feeling in the legs, cramps that develop after walking short distances, and coldness in the lower leg or foot. If you feel you are afflicted with PAD, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat this condition.

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Dr. Ronald Sheppard from Warren-Watchung Podiatry Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heel
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlboro and Watchung, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Peripheral Artery Disease
Monday, 23 March 2020 00:00

A Sprain Is a Common Form of Ankle Pain

Research has indicated that ankle sprains account for approximately eighty-five percent of ankle pain. An ankle sprain is defined as tissues that become overstretched or torn, which may cause severe pain and discomfort. Sprains generally happen when the outside of the foot twists toward the ground, possibly as a result of suddenly stepping off of a curb. Typical symptoms of a sprain can include bruising, swelling, and difficulty walking. Patients may find mild relief when the affected foot is elevated, as well as when the ankle is wrapped in an elastic bandage. This may help to provide the support that is needed for recovery. If you have any type of ankle pain, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible so a proper diagnosis can be determined.

Ankle pain can be caused by a number of problems and may be potentially serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Dr. Ronald Sheppard from Warren-Watchung Podiatry Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Bursitis
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlboro and Watchung, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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Monday, 16 March 2020 00:00

How Common Is Foot Pain?

Foot pain is a common ailment among people worldwide. There are several foot conditions that may cause pain, ranging from mild to severe. One of these types of conditions is known as athlete’s foot. The symptoms that typically accompany athlete’s foot can consist of a burning or itching sensation between the toes or on the bottom of the feet. It is caused by a fungus that lives and thrives in warm and moist environments. These often include public pools and surrounding areas. A bump that protrudes from the side on the big toe may be indicative of a bunion. They can form as a result of wearing shoes that are too tight, or from genetic factors. Plantar fasciitis is another foot condition that is often considered to be uncomfortable. Severe pain is typically felt in the heel or arch areas for this condition. If you are experiencing any type of foot pain, it is strongly suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Ronald Sheppard from Warren-Watchung Podiatry Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlboro and Watchung, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
Monday, 09 March 2020 00:00

Do I Have an Ingrown Toenail?

The big toe is negatively affected when an ingrown toenail develops. It can happen as a result of wearing shoes that do not have ample room for the toes to move freely in. An additional reason why this condition may occur can include trimming the toenails improperly. This may cause moderate pain and discomfort, and an infection may occur if there is a lack of treatment. Common symptoms of an ingrown toenail can include swelling and redness on the outer edges of the nail, and it may be difficult to wear shoes. Moderate relief may be found when the affected toe is soaked in warm water several times per day, and the nail is gently pulled away from the side of the toe. If you are afflicted with an ingrown toenail, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer the best treatment for you.

Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Ronald Sheppard of Warren-Watchung Podiatry Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • Improper toenail trimming
  • Genetics
  • Improper shoe fitting
  • Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • Abnormal gait
  • Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlboro and Watchung, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenail Care

If you are suffering from tenderness, pain, or stiffness in the joints of your feet or ankles, call us to schedule an appointment.

Monday, 02 March 2020 00:00

Possible Causes of Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are defined as a small break in one or more bones in the feet. They can occur as a result of frequently running for extended periods of time, or from participating in jumping activities. Additionally, they may happen if there is a change in the style of jogging you’re used to, or a change in the running surface. A common symptom that is associated with stress fractures can include pain during physical activity. This pain may also return after resting. Typically, effective treatment generally means the activity must be ceased that caused the fracture, and a boot or cast may be recommended for the healing process. If you have pain in your foot and think you may have a stress fracture, it is strongly advised that you speak to a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact Dr. Ronald Sheppard from Warren-Watchung Podiatry Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlboro and Watchung, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
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